The restoration of Statehood Day, is a national holiday in Lithuania, and is always celebrated on March 11 in Lithuania. This public holiday is also known as Restoration of Independence Day.
History of Restoration of Statehood Day
By the 18th century Lithuania had become part of the Russian Empire. After the end of the first world war, Lithuania became an independent country in 1918.
During the second world war, the Soviets and Nazi Germany agreed a pact on who would occupy several countries in the region and as a result the Soviets occupied the country in 1940.
The promotion of perestroika (Mikhail Gorbachev's social reform policies) within the Soviet Union created a desire within Lithuania to adopt the policies and that grew into a call for independence.
The Lithuanian people voted for self-rule in elections held in February 1990, and the new democratically elected parliament declared independence from the Soviet Union on March 11, 1990.
The Soviet Union reacted negatively to the act of independence and began an economic blockade against Lithuania and eventually resorted to violence against people holding vigil around the capital buildings in Vilnius on January 13, 1991. Outrage from around the world stopped the attack and Lithuania's independence was recognised by the Soviets later that year.
Within a year the influence of perestroika and independence movements across an increasing number of Soviet states brought about the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
This holiday is not to be confused with Restoration of the State Day, celebrated on February 16, which marks the act of independence from Germany in 1918.
The first parliament in the world, that recognized the Restoration of Lithuania's independence was the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova.
Move by pro-EU Prime Minister to turn August 23 into a day of remembrance for victims of totalitarianism may trigger an ideological fight with her pro-Russian coalition partners – who celebrate the victory in 1944 of the Soviet Red Army on that day.( ) Read all
Sept. 1 marks the 80th anniversary of Nazi Germany’s invasion of Poland — an event that heralded the beginning of World War II. Two years later, the United States entered the war as an ally of both Great Britain and the Soviet Union. By that time, France and numerous other...( ) Read all
One of the most celebrated diplomats of his generation, Richard Holbrooke helped normalize U.S. relations with China; served as U.S. ambassador to a newly reunified Germany and then to the United Nations; and, most famously, negotiated the 1995 Dayton peace agreement that ended the war in...( ) Read all
Russia wants to strike a short-term deal with Kiev on gas transit to Europe when the current 10-year agreement expires in order to buy time to complete pipelines that will bypass Ukraine, four sources familiar with Russian thinking said.( ) Read all
Looking for a combined wine and gastronomy vacation? Looking for something adventurous and a bit off the beaten track? Try Moldova. This is probably not the first country that pops up in your mind. Some people may not even know it as a wine country. But it definitely is one. And an old one at that.( ) Read all
The Commission has resumed budget support assistance to the Republic of Moldova by disbursing €14.54 million today to support the implementation of the EU-Moldova free trade agreement, to finance vocational education trainings and to assist the implementation of the visa liberalisation...( ) Read all
Red faces in Moscow this weekend, with the news that hackers have successfully targeted FSB—Russia's Federal Security Service. The hackers managed to steal 7.5 terabytes of data from a major contractor, exposing secret FSB projects to de-anonymize Tor browsing, scrape social media,...( ) Read all
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has urged Moldova's new pro-European government to continue on the path of reforms and step up the fight against widespread corruption, saying Berlin would offer Chisinau its support.( ) Read all
Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs David Hale congratulated Moldova's new prime minister, Maia Sandu, and expressed U.S. support for her government during a July 13 meeting in the Moldovan capital.( ) Read all
The first batch of oil from the USA arrived at the port of the Ukrainian city of Odesa. According to the press service of the port, 75 thousand tons of Bakken grade oil was purchased by PJSC Ukrtatnafta and will be processed at the Kremenchuk oil refinery.( ) Read all